Harvard Health Columns
Help for Changing How You Think
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) helps people change their negative or distorted thoughts. It's used to help treat depression, phobias and anxiety, for example. Metacognitive therapy (MCT) is related to CBT. Some people describe MCT as a way to help people change how they think rather than what they think. Two psychologists, Dr. Adrian Wells of the University of Manchester and Dr. Gerald Matthews of the University of Cincinnati, developed the theory underlying metacognitive therapy in the early 1990s.